Hyperlipidemia Diet Plan – What Foods to Include in Menu?

Hyperlipidemia Diet

Hyperlipidemia is a term that refers the elevation of some or all of the lipoproteins in the blood, including cholesterol and triglycerides (which are sometimes but not always elevated in the condition). Treatment often includes the use of medications if levels are high enough, but a hyperlipidemia diet is almost always recommended in order to help reduce the levels of these lipids in the blood. There are many parts of a low cholesterol diet to consider, and this is further restricted when triglycerides are high as well. While managing the intake of the lipids themselves is an important factor, it is not the only consideration of a low cholesterol diet with regards foods to include.

Fiber is one of the most important additions to a hyperlipidemia diet. Not only do high fiber choices serve as a replacement choice for processed and refined simple carbohydrate options like white rice and white bread, but they also have been shown to be both triglyceride and cholesterol lowering foods. Beans, legumes, barley and lentils should be incorporated into meals when possible. Fruits are also considered to be high fiber and are great snack options in between meals and serve as a great way to substitute a good choice for a bad high fat or high sugar snack. But, those low in fructose are better choices for individuals with high triglycerides levels. Choose strawberries or cantaloupe instead of higher fructose options.

In fact, sugar avoidance is one of the mainstays of a triglyceride lowering diet. The way that the body processes simple sugars and converts them into triglycerides is what is responsible for making sugar a sin on a triglyceride lowering diet. Alcohol, incredibly high in calories and sugar, can literally cause immediate spikes of the lipids, creating brief spurts of incredibly high levels. One food that is packed with phenols has been shown to lower triglycerides however, and it lowers cholesterol too, making it a great choice for a hyperlipidemia diet, and that is tomatoes. The bright red salad fixin is incredibly easy to incorporate into any menu and is suitable for use in a wide variety of dishes or simply enjoyed raw. Consider tomatoes a perfect addition to a reduced cholesterol and triglycerides diet.

Some basic recipes can serve as staples of a hyperlipidemia diet. One such option is a simple salmon and asparagus dish that is so tasty, consumers will forget that it is part of a heart healthy diet. Brushing salmon fillets lightly with olive oil and searing them skin side down before placing them in a 450 degree oven for twelve minutes to bake is the focal point of the dish. It is complemented by asparagus that has been tossed in half a teaspoon of olive oil and salt and pepper and baked in the oven alongside the fish. Both components can be splashed with a hint of lemon juice prior to enjoying. Consider another great addition to a hyperlipidemia diet that gives new life to the old recipe of stuffed peppers. Brown rice cooked in chicken broth until tender can be combined with sautéed onions, oregano, paprika and canned diced tomatoes to provide a flavorful and heart healthy meal that is filling and satisfying. There are many reducing cholesterol and lowering triglycerides recipes to consider for managing the levels of these lipids, and many are centered around lean and healthy protein choices and the incorporation of fresh vegetables and good sources of whole fiber.

In most cases, dietary and lifestyle changes are all that is necessary in order to successfully reduce the amounts of cholesterol and triglycerides in the body. Sometimes however, medications and vitamins for triglycerides and cholesterol reduction are suggested as well. Most often, this involves the addition of extra Omega-3 in the form of supplements. But, there are other vitamins for triglycerides reduction as well such as niacin (vitamin B3) and pantothenate (vitamin B5). It is worthwhile to consider discussing these and other options with a health care provider to see if it is worthwhile to add them in alongside a hyperlipidemia diet. With a proactive approach to a change in eating habits combined with proper medical care and monitoring, lipid levels can be reduced; and with that comes an incredibly reduced risk of serious heart problems and complications like heart attacks and strokes.

References:
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/
http://www.cvtoolbox.com/downloads/diets/high_cholesterol_eating_plan_2010.pdf
http://www.wholenessfc.com/Lipid_Diet.pdf

Related articles: